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Autoclaves for soil treatment

Autoclaves for soil treatment serve a pivotal role in various sectors, with a pronounced impact on agriculture. By effectively neutralizing potential threats in the soil such as bacteria, virus and fungi, these autoclaves contribute significantly in enhancing soil health, promoting robust plant growth and ensuring agricultural productivity in the cultivation of plants, trees, and mushrooms.

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The soil sterilization process through autoclaving

Ensuring that soil is devoid of harmful microorganisms is critical since their presence can alter soil characteristics, deprive plants of essential nutrients or introduce diseases that compromise plant development and health.

This issue is particularly significant in research focused on the degradation of pesticides and xenobiotics, the absorption and mobility of nutrients, the recolonization of landscapes and the comparison between microbial and abiotic reactions. It also holds importance in examining the intricacies of sophisticated agricultural methodologies, including regenerative/restoration agriculture and permaculture.

But soil sterilization is difficult because each sample is unique: different composition, different densities, microbial loads, nutrient concentrations and chemical profiles. And regardless of how they differ, each soil load is heavy, resistant to steam penetration and prone to recontamination, making the validation of the sterilization process a complex endeavor.

Esterilización de suelos agrícolas

Several techniques are currently available to sterilize soil and mitigate these challenges, but all have their respective drawbacks:

  • Chemical treatment significantly alters the chemical composition and pH.
  • Gamma radiation is very expensive, requires complex instrumentation and significantly alters the chemical composition.
  • Dry heat often faces high rates of recontamination and is characterized by its elonged duration, which inherently constrains its throughput efficiency.
  • Moist heat through autoclaving presents the highest lethality and efficiency, lower energy costs and respects pH. However, it can modify the texture and organic composition.

Autoclaves for soil treatment are responsible for soil sterilization. Generally these treatments are applied during the study of soil samples in specialized laboratory research environments, although they are also performed in commercial vegetable and mushroom production environments.

For effective operation, these autoclaves necessitate the integration of a high-efficiency vacuum pump, tasked with the extraction of air from the soil matrix, and a drying mechanism to eliminate residual moisture post-sterilization. The usual process involves placing the soil sample to be treated into a cylindrical chamber inside the autoclave. Subsequently, a vacuum is induced to a level of 0.2 bar, thereby optimizing the permeation of steam in the following phase.

Once the soil is adequately prepared, hot steam is introduced at high pressure until the internal temperature of the sample reaches 121 degrees Celsius (250 degrees Fahrenheit). The length of this sterilization stage is determined by various factors, such as the soil’s classification, its compositional attributes, and moisture content. Following the sterilization phase, the procedure transitions to vacuum drying. This stage utilizes sequential vacuum pulses in conjunction with the activation of a heating jacket, to guarantee the comprehensive extraction of moisture that was introduced during the sterilization process.

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Autoclaves for soil treatment of certified quality

At RAYPA, we offer a wide selection of autoclaves for soil treatment. Our portfolio features diverse models from both the Top Line and Classic Line series, designed to meet the sterilization needs.

Designed for ease of use, our autoclaves feature intuitive controls and advanced safety features, enabling thorough traceability of the sterilization process. Their robust construction, outstanding value and straightforward installation make them an optimal selection for enterprises, regardless of scale, seeking to sterilize agricultural soils.

In addition to the variety of models, there is a wide range of accessories available to be equipped, including baskets, specific racks, trays, ticket printers, transport trolleys and cranes that facilitate the loading and unloading of samples, allowing a more ergonomic and safer handling for operators.

Autoclave para tratamiento de suelos agrícolas, de calidad certificada.

Reliability of sterilization equipment is essential for conducting safe and successful operations, as well as for upholding quality in research and industrial contexts. That is why all our autoclaves for soil treatment have been designed and built entirely in our facilities in Barcelona for over 45 years, reflecting our commitment to quality and our extensive experience.

This equipment undergoes extensive testing to ensure its quality and to comply with the most stringent regulations and standards, including the European Pressure Equipment Directive (PED). By adopting this approach, we pursue the highest levels of production excellence and ensure the safety of our products.

At RAYPA, we provide comprehensive solutions tailored to meet our customers’ sterilization requirements. With our wide selection of autoclaves and the expert advice of our team, we assist you in finding the equipment that best suits your requirements.

For more detailed and customized guidance on choosing the ideal autoclave for your laboratory, do not hesitate to reach out to our experts. Working together, we can identify and provide a solution that ensures both efficiency and safety in all your sterilization operations.

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alcance global Raypa


With half a century of experience, we have a lengthy list of satisfied customers around the world. Currently, we export 85% of our annual turnover and have a stable network of distributors in over 100 countries.

servicio técnico eficaz


Our team of highly qualified technicians and engineers are experts in our products. If you experience a technical issue, it will be our priority to rectify it. When you purchase a RAYPA unit, you’re guaranteed top-level support and technical assistance.

fabricante experto


RAYPA is a global leader in manufacturing laboratory autoclaves. Each of our autoclaves is designed and built entirely at our facilities in Barcelona, ensuring the highest levels of production excellence.

gama completa y configurable


We offer an extensive portfolio of laboratory autoclaves to cover multiple applications and market segments. Discover the combination of autoclave model and accessories that best fits your needs within our 11 series and 35 available models.

innovación y calidad


Our products feature advanced technology, ongoing innovation, superior construction quality, and are designed for a long service life. Our technical and engineering staff work tirelessly every day to optimize our products and exceed our customers’ expectations.

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Our team of specialists assesses each project and provides guidance to clients on the option that best suits their requirements. After the sale, we offer training on the use and recommended maintenance of each unit to ensure its optimal operation and extend its lifespan.

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