FAT EXTRACTION SYSTEM – SX-6 MP
- Heating by an electric plate with armoured heater to assure homogeneous distribution of heat.
- Control of temperature by P.I.D. microprocessor action and probe Pt100 class A.
- Over temperature safety control by independent thermocouple.
- Compatible Vitón® and EPDM gaskets.
- In accordance with standardized international methods: AOAC, ISO, AACC.
- Case made of stainless steel AISI 304 painted with epoxy resin.
- Independent programmation of temperature and extraction times for “boiling”, “rinsing” and “recovery” phases.
- Temperature range: room temp. +5 ºC to 220 ºC.
- Solvent volume: up to 50 ml.
- Solvent recovery: up to 95%.
- Reproducibility: ±1%.
- Extraction thimbles: Øext 26 x 60 mm.
- Programmable boiling extraction time.
- Programmable rinsing extraction time.
- Programmable solvent recovery time.
- Grade of protection: IP65.
Components supplied with the equipment
- 25 Cellulose extraction thimbles.
- 12 Extraction thimble supports.
- 12 Aluminum extraction vessels.
- 6 Magnetic adapters.
- 6 EPDM gaskets.
- 6 Viton® gaskets.
- 2 Racks for extraction thimbles.
- 2 Racks for extraction vessels.
- 1 Aligning rack for extraction vessels.
- 1 Tong for an individual manipulation of extraction vessels.
- 1 Tong for a simultaneous manipulation of 6 extraction vessels.
- 2 Silicone tubes 1,5m (ø 8 x 14).
SX-6 MP’S WORKING PRINCIPLE ACCORDING TO THE RANDALL METHODThe traditional Soxhlet method, invented by Franz von Soxhlet in 1879, is the most popular method for fat extraction. It is a standard procedure that provides good analyte recovery, however the extraction procedure is long (it can last 18-24h) and uses a significant amount of solvent.
Soxhlet extraction consists in placing a previously dried sample inside a thimble made of cellulose and then it is loaded into the extractor, which is connected to a flask containing a solvent and a condenser. The solvent is heated and evaporated, the hot solvent vapor then travels up to the condenser, where it cools and falls onto the sample in the thimble. The chamber containing the sample slowly fills with condensed solvent until, when almost full, it is emptied by a siphoning action back into the solvent flask. During each cycle, a portion of the soluble components in the solvent are extracted. This cycle is repeated several times until all analyte is separated from the sample.
In order to improve effectiveness of Soxhlet extraction, alternative methods that use the same extraction principle but have some improved features have been developed. Randall method, suggested by Edward Randall in 1974, is an example of this improvement as it typically allows the reaction to be four times faster and guarantees solvent recovery. SX-6 MP extractors can be programmed with different extraction steps according to Randall analysis as seen on this page figure.
Twisselmann extraction, also known as continuous economic extraction requires only one extraction position, between boiling and rinsing. The solvent placed in the extraction cup is heated and evaporated, these vapors pass through the sample and reach the condensation chamber, once liquefied, the solvent falls onto sample and is collected again in the extraction cup. Thus, both vapor and liquid forms of solvent simultaneously and continuously extract all lipid content from the sample. After all analyte has been collected, solvent can also be recovered.
1. BOILING PHASE
Firstly, the sample is immersed in hot solvent, where absorption of sample fat content by the solvent is continuous by both immersion and reflux.
2. RINSING PHASE
Secondly, the sample is lifted from condensed solvent contact. In this step, absorption of sample fat content by the solvent is continuous only by reflux.
3. RECOVERY PHASE
In the final step, the solvent tank valve is closed and the solvent is collected for future reuse. The fat content is deposited at the bottom of the reaction flask.
|Externals dimensions L x D x H||680 x 330 x 580 mm|
|Solvent recovery||Up to 95 %|
|Sample capacity by batch||6 unidades|
|Sample capacity by day||36 unidades|
*Also available with a voltage of 115 V.